55% of surgeons say they see patients who want to undergo facial reconstruction to make their selfies and social-media photos look better.
But a lot of those patients might be seeking an improvement they don’t need — and not in a “you look great how you are” sense (though you do!).
Selfies can make your face — especially your nose — look about 30% larger than it really is because of the way phone camera lenses distort close up objects, according to a study recently published in the journal JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery.
“Young adults are constantly taking selfies to post to social media and think those images are representative of how they really look, which can have an impact on their emotional state,” Boris Paskhover, an assistant professor at Rutgers Medical School and an author of the study, said in a news release. “I want them to realize that when they take a selfie they are in essence looking into a portable fun-house mirror.”
Framing the perfect shot
The researchers behind the study wrote that self-esteem issues arising because people don’t realize how their cameras distort their appearance could be considered a public-health issue.
But once you understand why this distortion is happening, you can use science and some photography know-how to minimize the effect and get the most accurate selfie (or other close-up) possible.
It’s all about distance and angles.
To get the least distorted image, you need to understand a bit about what the lens on your camera does. As photographer Rafi Letzter explained it, “Every focal length of a camera lens (in effect, how zoomed in it is by default) changes the distortion of the object it’s shooting.”
Each focal length is ideal for capturing a certain shot. If you want a close-up of a far-away object, you’ll want a zoom lens; if you want to capture as much of a scene as possible, a wide-angle lens is usually the go-to.
The lenses that portrait photographers use are generally somewhere in between — often 50 mm to 85 mm — as these present the most realistic representation when the photo is taken at the right distance.
The lens on your phone is a much wider-angle lens, which is going to distort a close-up object and can make things look cartoonish.
Using your phone to take a selfie
Taking a photo with a camera phone from 12 inches away can increase the size of a nose by about 30%, the researchers behind the new study found. Taking a photo of the same person from five feet away will represent their face accurately.
If you want to figure out the right way to hold your phone for a more flattering image, there are a few steps that might help. (You could also probably ask a local teenager for help with this.)
For one thing, know that the farther you hold your phone away from your face, the less distortion there will be. So get that arm fully stretched out.
Secondly, Letzter notes that anything near the edges of the frame or closer to the lens is more likely to get distorted. So try to keep your head in the center of frame and keep your chin and forehead equidistant from the camera itself.
Then go ahead and snap away.